Elsbett-conversions and Ėkits are optimised for the use of straight / pure (new or recycled one) vegetable
oils(SVO), which are equal to the quality standard and are not otherwise chemical or mechanical contaminated.
We recommend our customers to check the quality (see below) before using the oil. In case there is any
interest in use of other oils, please contact us before. Under certain conditions we advise to blend the
vegetable oil with diesel fuel.
Vegetable oil standard:
Density: The kinds of vegetable oil do not differ too much in terms of density. On average density is about 10% higher.
Flash Point by P.-M.: Is much higher than with diesel fuel. Makes transportation and handling much more safe.
Calorific Value: Is nearly equal for all vegetable oils, but 10% less in comparison to diesel fuel. Because of higher density the volumetric content of heat value is about the same.
Cinematic Viscosity: For most vegetable oils higher than diesel fuel. Big differences between the different kinds of seeds. If too high, the oil canít pass the fuel circuit. Heating is one of the measures to enable engines to run on vegetable oil.
Low temperature behaviour: No specification defined up to now. But the low temperature behaviour is of importance for engine cold start and low load. Viscosity is such an indicator for low temperature behaviour.
Cetane Number: No sufficient testing method existing, because the engines for the standardising tests are all conventional diesel engines. When measured with conventional method, Cetane number is worse, nevertheless practice shows, that ignition delay is shortened in comparison to diesel fuel.
Carbon Residue: There is a remarkable correlation to the residues in the combustion chamber, piston rings and valves, so carbon residue should be kept low.
Iodine Number: Is an indicator for double bindings in the molecular structure. It influences the long time stability of properties (important for storage).
Sulphur Content: Sulphur reduces the function of catalysts and causes SOx emissions like Diesel engines. Normally vegetable oil does not contain sulphur.
Contamination: That is the most important property. It blocks filters and nozzles and is abrasive all over the fuel circuit. Must be well controlled.
Acid Value: Shows the content of free fatty acids. Can effect the properties of lubrication oil if bigger quantities reach the oil sump.
Oxidation Stability: Describes the pre-ageing of the oil. With progressing age the viscosity is also increasing continuously. Can also influence the lubrication-oil.
Phosphorus Content: Is depending much on production method for the oil. Phosphorus is dangerous for the engine due to its abrasive function. When the oil is cold pressed or refined normally the content of phosphorus is within the limits.
Ash Content: Concerns the content of oxide- and raw-ash. Ash is abrasive.
Water Content: If emulgated, a higher water content is not disadvantageous (as long the emulgation remains stable, which is very difficult). Normally water will cause problems anywhere in the fuel system.
Practical experience shows: The characteristic properties can anyway not be influenced - but the
variable ones. So a rough oil quality check should mainly be focussed on:
- Phosphorus Content
- Water Content